Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 63(3); 2007 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2007;63(3):242-250.
DOI:    Published online September 1, 2007.
Microenvironments and Cellular Proliferation Affected by Oxygen Concentration in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Line.
Jong Wook Shin, Eun Ju Jeon, Hee Won Kwak, Ju Han Song, Young Woo Lee, Jae Woo Jeong, Jae Cheol Choi, Jae Yeol Kim, In Won Park, Byoung Whui Choi
Division of Allergy, Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.,
Abnormal angiogenesis can induce hypoxia within a highly proliferating tumor mass, and these hypoxic conditions can in turn create clinical problems, such as resistance to chemotherapy. However, the mechanism by which hypoxia induces these changes has not yet been determined. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine how hypoxia induces changes in cell viability and extracellular microenvironments in an in vitro culture system using non-small cell lung cancer cells. METHODS: The non-small cell lung cancer cell line, A549 was cultured in DMEM or RPMI-1640 media that contained fetal bovine serum. A decrease in the oxygen tension of the media that contained the culture was then induced in a hypoxia microchamber using a CO2-N2 gas mixture. A gas analysis and an MTT assay were then conducted. RESULTS: (1) The decrease in oxygen tension was checked the anaerobic gas mixture for 30 min and then reoxygenation was induced by adding a 5% CO2-room air gas mixture to the chamber. (2) Purging with the anaerobic gas mixture was found to decrease the further oxygen tension of cell culture media. (3) The low oxygen tension resulted in a low pH, lactic acidosis and a decreased glucose concentration in the media. (4) The decrease in glucose concentration that was observed as a result of hypoxia was markedly different when different types of media were evaluated. (5) The decrease in oxygen tension inhibited proliferation of A549 cells. CONCLUSION: These data suggests that tumor hypoxia is associated with acidosis and hypoglycemia, which have been implicated in the development of resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Key Words: Non-small cell lung cancer, Hypoxia, Oxygen, A549, Microenvironment

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