Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 63(2); 2007 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2007;63(2):128-138.
DOI:    Published online August 1, 2007.
Mutations of katG and inhA in MDR M. tuberculosis.
Hai Hua Lin, Hee Youn Kim, Yeo Jun Yun, Chan Geun Park, Bum Joon Kim, Young Gil Park, Yoon Hoh Kook
1Department of Microbiology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Institute of Endemic Diseases, SNUMRC, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
5The Korean Institute of Tuberculosis, The Korean National Tuberculosis Association, Korea.
Mutations of katG and inhA (ORF and promoter) are known to be related to isoniazid (INH) resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Because reports on these mutations in Korean isolates are limited (i.e. only the frequency of katG codon 463 was evaluated.), we tried to know the kinds of mutations of two genes and their frequencies in INH resistant Korean M. tuberculosis strains. METHODS: PCR was performed to amplify katG (2,223 bp), inhA ORF (-77~897, 975 bp), and inhA promoter (-168~80, 248 bp) from 29 multidrug resistant M. tuberculosis (MDR-TB) DNAs prepared by bead beater-phenol method. Their sequences were determined and analyzed by ABI PRISM 3730 XL Analyzer and MegAlign package program, respectively. RESULTS: All of the isolates had more than one mutation in katG or inhA gene. Twenty seven (93%) of 29 tested strains had katG mutations, which suggests that katG is a critical gene determining INH resistance of M. tuberculosis. Amino acid substitutions, such as Arg463Leu and Ser315Thr, due to point mutations of the katG were the most frequent (62.1% and 55.2%) mutations. In addition, deletion of the katG gene was frequently observed (17.2%). Analyzed Korean MDR-TB isolates also had variable inhA mutations. Point mutation of inhA promoter region, such as -15 (C-->T) was frequently found. Substitution of amino acid (Lsy8Asn) due to point mutation (AAA-->AAC) of inhA ORF was found in 1 isolate. Interestingly, 14 point mutated types that were not previously reported were newly found. While four types resulted in amino acid change, the others were silent mutations. CONCLUSIONS: Although it is not clear that the relationship of these newly found mutations with INH resistance, they show marked diversity in Korean MDR-TB strains. It also suggests their feasibility as a molecular target to supplement determining the INH resistance of clinical isolates because of the possible existence of low-level INH resistant strains.
Key Words: M. tuberculosis, MDR-TB, INH, katG, inhA, Mutation

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