Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 59(6); 2005 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2005;59(6):606-612.
DOI:    Published online December 1, 2005.
Pathogenic Classification and Clinical Characteristics of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease in a National Tuberculosis Hospital.
Sun Pil Choi, Bong Keun Lee, Jin Hong Min, Jin Hee Kim
1Department of Medicine, National Masan Tuberculosis Hospital, Masan, Korea.
2Clinical Research Center for Tuberculosis1, National Masan Tuberculosis Hospital, Masan, Korea.
It has been reported that nontuberculosis mycobacterium(NTM) isolates account for approximately 10% of patients with a positive Acid-Fast Bacilli(AFB) smear. Therefore, it is necessary to consider NTM pulmonary disease when such a positive test is encountered. The aim of this study was to evaluate the etiologies and clinical characteristics of patients with NTM pulmonary disease who had been treated at a national tuberculosis hospital. METHODS: The NTM isolates were recovered from the sputum or bronchial washing specimens submitted to a clinical laboratory of National Masan TB Hospital from August 2002 to July 2003. All samples were identified using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis method, which amplifies the rpoB gene. The patients were diagnosed with NTM disease according to the American Thoracic Society diagnostic criteria. RESULTS: One hundred NTM isolates were recovered from 57 patients. Of the 100 isolates, M. avium complex(MAC) was the most common species, which was found 55%(n=55) of patients, followed by M. abscessus(n=25), and M. fortuitum(n=9). 26(45.6%) patients had NTM disease. Twenty-six (45.6%) patients had NTM disease according to The American Thoracic Society classification. The main organisms involved in NTM disease were MAC(n=19, 73.1%) and M. abscessus(n=5, 19.2%). The pathogenic potential was 67.9% in M. intracellulare and 41.7% in M. abscessus. The predictive factors related to NTM disease were a positive sputum smear (OR 6.4, p=0.02) and the isolation of either MAC or M. abscessus(OR 6.9, p=0.007). Fifteen patients(57.7%) were cured. There were no significant factors associated with the treatment success. CONCLUSION: There was a relatively high proportion of NTM disease in NTM isolates and the common species were MAC and M. abscessus. The predictive factors for NTM disease were a positive sputum smear and the isolation of either MAC or M. abscessus.
Key Words: Nontuberculous mycobacterium, Mycobacterium avium complex, Mycobaterium abscessus, Lung disease

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