Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 58(3); 2005 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2005;58(3):276-284.
DOI:    Published online March 1, 2005.
Protective Effect of the Inhibition of PAF Remodeling and Adhesion Molecule on the Oxidative Stress of the Lungs of Rats Given Endotoxin Intratracheally.
Tae Rim Shin, Bo Kyung Na, Young Man Lee
1Department of Internal Medicine, Hallym University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Department of Physiology, Catholic University of Daegu College of Medicine, Korea.
There have been many reports on the pathogenesis of sepsis-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) but, the precise mechanism has not been elucidated. This study examined the protective effect of an inhibition of platelet activating factor(PAF) remodeling and the adhesion molecule on the oxidative stress of the lungs in rats with an endotoxin induced acute lung injury(ALI). METHODS: ALI was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by instilling an E-coli endotoxin into the trachea. Ketotifen and fucoidan were used respectively to inhibit PAF remodeling and adhesion molecule. The lung leak index, lung myeloperoxidase(MPO) activity, bronchoalveolar lavage(BAL) fluid neutrophil count and lyso PAF acetyltransferase activity(AT), were measured and an ultrastructural study and cytochemical electron microscopy were performed. RESULTS: The lung leak index, lung MPO activity, BAL fluid neutrophil count and lyso PAF AT activity was higher in the endotoxin-treated rats. In addition, severe destruction of the pulmonary architecture and increased hydrogen peroxide production were identified. These changes were reversed by ketotifen. However, fucoidan did not appear to have any protective effects. CONCLUSION: The inhibition of PAF remodeling appeared to be effective in decreasing the endotoxin-induced ALI. In addition, this effect might be derived from the inhibition of neutrophilic oxidative stress. However, the inhibition of the adhesion molecules by fucoidan appeared to be ineffective in decreasing the endotoxin-induced ALI.
Key Words: ALI, PAF remodelling, Adhesion molecule, Oxidative stress

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