Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 58(3); 2005 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2005;58(3):230-242.
DOI:    Published online March 1, 2005.
Normal Predictive Values of Spirometry in Korean Population.
Jung Keun Choi, Domyung Paek, Jeoung Oh Lee
1School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Korea.
2Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute, Korea.
Spirometry should be compared with the normal predictive values obtained from the same population using the same procedures, because different ethnicity and different procedures are known to influence the spirometry results. This study was performed to obtain the normal predictive values of the Forced Vital Capacity(FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in 1 Second(FEV1), Forced Expiratory Volume in 6 Seconds(FEV6), and FEV1/FVC for a representative Korean population. METHODS: Based on the 2000 Population Census of the National Statistical Office of Korea, stratified random sampling was carried out to obtain representative samples of the Korean population. This study was performed as a part of the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Korea in 2001. The lung function was measured using the standardized methods and protocols recommended by the American Thoracic Society. Among those 4,816 subjects who had performed spirometry performed, there was a total of 1,212 nonsmokers (206 males and 1,006 females) with no significant history of respiratory diseases and symptoms, with clear chest X?rays, and with no significant exposure to respiratory hazards subjects. Their residence and age distribution was representative of the whole nation. Mixed effect models were examined based on the Akaike's information criteria in statistical analysis, and those variables common to both genders were analyzed by regression analysis to obtain the final equations. RESULTS: The variables affecting the normal predicted values of the FVC and FEV6 for males and females were age2, height, and weight. The variables affecting the normal predicted values of the FEV1 for males and females were age2, and height. The variables affecting the normal predicted values of the FEV1/FVC for male and female were age and height. CONCLUSION: The predicted values of the FVC and FEV1 was higher in this study than in other Korean or foreign studies, even though the difference was < 10%. When compared with those predicted values for Caucasian populations, the study results were actually comparable or higher, which might be due to the stricter criteria of the normal population and the systemic quality controls applied to the whole study procedures together with the rapid physical growth of the younger generations in Korea.
Key Words: Spirometry, Normal Predictive Values, FVC, FEV1, FEV6, FEV1/FVC%

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