Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 50(5); 2001 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2001;50(5):540-548.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.2001.50.5.540    Published online May 1, 2001.
Effect of Hypothermia on the Prevention of Ventilator-Induced Lung Injury in Rats.
Chae Man Lim, Sang Bum Hong, Younsuck Koh, Tae Sun Shim, Sang Do Lee, Woo Sung Kim, Dong Soon Kim, Won Dong Kim
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Because ventilator-induced lung injury is partly dependent on the intensity of vascular flow, we hypothesized that hypothermia may attenuate the degree of such an injury through a reduced cardiac output. METHODS: Twenty-seven male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to normothermia (37±1℃)-injurious ventilation (NT-V) group (n=10), hypothermia (27±1℃)-injurious ventilation (HT-V) group (n=10), or nonventilated control group (n=7). The two termal groups were subjected to injurious mechanical ventilation for 20 min with peak airway pressure 30cm H2O at zero positive end-expiratory pressure, which was translated to tidal volume 54±6ml in the NT-v group and 53±4ml in the HT-V group(p>0.05). RESULTS: Pressure-volume(P-V) curve after the injurious ventilation was almost identical to the baseline P-V curve in the HT-V group, whereas it was shifted rightward in the NT-V group. On gross inspection, the lungs of the HT-V group appeared smaller in size, and showed less hemorrhage especially at the dependent regions, than the lungs of the NT-V group. [Wet lung weight(g)/body weigh (kg)] (1.6±0.1 vs 2.4±1.2 ; p=0.014) and [wet lung weight/dry lung weight] (5.0±0.1 vs 6.1±0.8 ; p=0.046) of the HT-V group were both lower than those of the NT-V group, while not different from those of the control group(1.4±0.4, 4.8±0.4, respectivyly). Protein concentration of the BAL fluid of the HT-V group was lower than that of the NT-V group(1,374±726 ug/ml vs 3,471±1,985 ug/ml;p=0.003). Lactic dehydrogenase level of the BAL fluid of the HT-V group was lower than that of the NT-V group(0.18±0.10 unit/ml vs 0.43±0.22 unit/ml;p=0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Hypothermia attenuated pulmonary hemorrhage, permeability pulmonary edema, and alveolar cellular injuries associated with injurious mechanical ventilation, and preserved normal P-V characteristics of the lung in rats.
Key Words: Ventilator-induced lung injury, Hypothermia, Cardiac output, Pressure-volume curve, Alveolar hemorrhage, Permeability edema, Bronchalveolar lavage fluid


ABOUT
ARTICLE & TOPICS
Article category

Browse all articles >

Topics

Browse all articles >

BROWSE ARTICLES
FOR CONTRIBUTORS
Editorial Office
101-605, 58, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu (Seocho-dong, Seocho Art-Xi), Seoul 06652, Korea
Tel: +82-2-575-3825, +82-2-576-5347    Fax: +82-2-572-6683    E-mail: katrdsubmit@lungkorea.org                

Copyright © 2022 by The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. All rights reserved.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next