Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 49(3); 2000 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2000;49(3):281-289.
DOI:    Published online September 1, 2000.
Comparison of Acid-Fast staining, PCR, LCR, PCR=Hybridization for dection of mycobacterum tuberculosis in clinical specimens.
Jong Rak Choi, Jong Baeck Lim, Hyung Jung Kim
Mycobacterial culture is a confirmatory test to detect M.tuberculosis, but it takes at least 6 weeks to diagnose. PCR is a rapid and sensitive method, but it is known that PCR has a high false positive rate due to contamination, and a high false negative rate due to inhibitors. It is also known that LCR and PCR-Hybridization, recently developed methods, are more specific methods than PCR in terms of detection M.tuberculosis. In this study, we estimated the clinical utility of in house PCR, LCR and PCR-Hybridization for the detection of M.tuberculosis. METHODS: We evaluated 75 specimens, upon which M.tuberculosis culture based testing was requested, by PCR LCR, and PCR-Hybridization and compared results. Mycobacterial culture was performed on 3% Ogawa media for 8 weeks, and an in house PCR, LCx Mycobacterium tuberculosis assay kit(Abbott Laboratories, North Chicago, III) and the AMPLICOR M.tuberculosis test kit(Roche Molecular Systems, Inc. Branchburg, NJ, USA). RESULTS: In the view of the culture results, the sensitivities of the three tests were 40%, 80%, and 100% and their specificities were 98.6%, 94.3%, and 94.3%. CONCLUSION: LCR and PCR-Hybridization and rapid and sensitive methods for detecting M.tuberculosis in clinical laboratories.
Key Words: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Culture, PCR, Ligase chain reaction(LCR), PCR-Hybridization

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