Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 47(5); 1999 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 1999;47(5):642-649.
DOI:    Published online November 1, 1999.
The Role of Camera-Based Coincidence Positron Emission Tomography in Nodal Staging of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
Sun Min Lee, Young Hwa Choi, Yoon Jung Oh, Seong Cheoll Cheong, Kwang Joo Park, Sung Chul Hwang, Yi Hyeong Lee, Chan H Park, Myung Ho Hahn
1Department of Pulmonology and Critical Care Medicine, Ajou University, School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
2Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ajou University, School of Medicine, Suwon, Korea.
It is very important to determine an accurate staging of the non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC) for an assessment of operability and it's prognosis. However, it is difficult to evaluate tumor involvement of mediastinal lymph nodes accurately utilizing noninvasive imaging modalities. PET is one of the sensitive and specific imaging modality. Unfortunately PET is limited use because of prohibitive cost involved with it's operation. Recently hybrid SPECT/PET (single photon emission computed tomography/positron emission tomography) camera based PET imaging was introduced with relatively low cost. We evaluated the usefulness of coincidence detection (CoDe) PET in the detection of metastasis to the mediastinal lymph nodes in patients with NSCLC. METHODS: Twenty one patients with NSCLC were evaluated by CT or MRI and they were considered operable. CoDe PET was performed in all 21 patients prior to surgery. Tomographic slices of axial, coronal and sagittal planes were visually analysed. At surgery, mediastinal lymph nodes were removed and histological diagnosis was performed. CoDe PET findings were correlated with histological findings. RESULTS: Twenty of 21 primary tumor masses were detected by the CoDe PET. Thirteen of 21 patients was correctly diagnosed mediastinal lymph node metastasis by the CoDe PET. Pathological NO was 14 cases and the specificity of NO of CoDe PET was 64.3%. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of N1 node was 83.3%, 73.3%, 55.6%, 91.7%, and 76.2% respectively. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of N2 node was 60.0%, 87.5%, 60.0%, 87.5%, and 90.0% respectively. There were 3 false negative cases but the size of the 3 nodes were less than 1cm. The size of true positive nodes were 1.1cm, 1.0cm, 0.5cm respectively. There were 1 false positive among the 12 lymph nodes which were larger than 1cm. False positive cases consisted of 1 tuberculosis case, 1 pneumoconiosis case and 1 anthracosis case. CONCLUSION: CoDe PET has relatively high negative predictive value in the enlarged lymph node in staging of mediastinal nodes in patients with NSCLC. Therefore CoDe PET is useful in ruling out metastasis of enlarged N3 nodes. However, further study is needed including more number of patients in the future.
Key Words: Non-small cell lung cancer, staging, coincidence PET

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