Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 24(4); 1977 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 1977;24(4):150-157.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4046/trd.1977.24.4.150    Published online December 1, 1977.
Clinical Observation on 116 Cases of Bronchial Asthma
Yung Kee Shin
Department of lnternal Medicine, College of Medicine, Busan National University, Busan, Korea
기관지 천식증(116예)에 대한 임상적 고찰
신영기
Abstract
Clinical observation was made on 116 cases of bronchial asthma, visited Busan National University Hospital from January 1973 to December 1976. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Seventy two cases (62.0) of 116 asthma patients were male and 44 cases were female. 2. The peak age group was in the fifth decade (40 cases, 34.5%) and the remaining incidence of age group was in the following order, ie, the fourth decade (24 cases, 20.7%), the seventh & second decade (each 16 cases, 13.8%) the third (12 cases, 10.3%) and the sixth decade (8 cases, 6. 9%). 3. The perennial type (69.0%) was more prevalent than the seasonal type (31. 0%) and the peak seasonal type was winter one (21.0%). 4. The duration of illness was less than 10 years in most cases (69. 0%) and the attack time during the day was most common in the night (64 cases, 55.20%) and the whole day in 28 cases, 24. 1 %, the day time 24 cases, 20.7% respectively. 5. The duration of attacks was over 24 hours in 59 cases (50.9%) and less than 1 hour in 28 cases (24.1%). 6. Degree of relieveness during the interval between asthma attacks was complete in 76 cases (65. 5%) & only partial in 40 cases (34.5%). 7. Twenty five cases (21. 6% of 116 asthma patients) had other allergic history, ie, among them urticaria 21. 6%, food allergy 20.7%, eczema 20.7%, rhinitis 12.9% and others 10. 3% respectively. Twenty high cases (24. 1 %) had also family allergic history. 8. The most important precipitating or aggravating factors were weather change (37.9%), upper respiratory infection (27.6%) and food (13.8%) and no apparent factors were recognized in 24 cases (20.7%). 9. The peripheral eosinophil count mùre than 250/ mm3 was in 24 cases (20.1%). 10. Therapeutic responses to symptomatic bronchodilator drug treatment were good in 84 cases (72.4% ), fair in 24 cases (20.7%) and poor in 8 cases (6.9%).


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