Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 70(6); 2011 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2011;70(6):482-489.
DOI:    Published online June 1, 2011.
Effect of Apocynin on Acute Lung Injury in Rats Given Interleukin-1alpha Intratracheally.
Young Man Lee
Department of Physiology, The Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Based on the assertion that apocynin diminishes acute lung injury (ALI) by inhibition of NADPH oxidase, the effect of apocynin was tested in interleukin-1alpha (IL-1)-induced ALI in rats. METHODS: IL-1 was insufflated into the trachea of Sprague-Dawley rats to induce ALI, and apocynin (8 mg/kg) was given intravenously for inhibition of NADPH oxidase. In addition, we determined whether apocynin inhibited generation of superoxide anions from isolated human neutrophils. Five hours after IL-1 instillation, lung injury parameters, expression of cytosolic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) by cells from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), an index of oxidative stress in lung tissues (gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase, activity), and ultrastructure of alveolar type II (AT II) cells were evaluated. RESULTS: Apocynin decreased the generation of free radicals from phorbol myristate (PMA)-activated neutrophils in vitro, but did not ameliorate ALI. IL-1 induced enhancement of the expression of cPLA2 on neutrophils was not altered by apocynin. CONCLUSION: Apocynin induced suppression of the generation of superoxide anions from neutrophils by inhibition of NADPH oxidase does not attenuate IL-1-induced ALI in rats.
Key Words: apocynin, NADPH Oxidase, Acute Lung Injury, Neutrophils

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