Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 54(4); 2003 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2003;54(4):449-458.
DOI:    Published online April 1, 2003.
Effect of FK506 and Cyclosporin A on I(kappa)B(alpha) Degradation and IKK Pathway in Bronchial Epithelial Cells, Monocytes, Lymphocytes and Alveolar Macrophages.
Ho Il Yoon, Chang Hoon Lee, Hee Seok Lee, Choon Taek Lee, Young Whan Kim, Sung Koo Han, Young Soo Shim, Chul Gyu Yoo
1Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Korea.
2Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Korea.
3Lung Institute, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University, Korea.
Cyclosporin A(CsA) and tacrolimus(FK506) have been widely used as immunosuppressants. The effects of CsA, or FK506, on the IkappaB/NF-kappaB pathway have been shown to vary according to the cell type. However, their effects on the IkappaB/NF-kappaB pathway have not been reported in bronchial epithelial cells. In this study, the effects of CsA and FK506 on the IkappaB/NF-kappaB pathway in bronchial epithelial cells, monocytes, lymphocytes and alveolar macrophages were evaluated. The relationship between their effects on the IkappaB/NF-kappaB pathway and IkappaB kinase(IKK) activity was also investigated. METHODS: BEAS-2B and A549 cells, pulmonary alveolar macrophages, peripheral blood monocytes and lymphocytes were used. The cells were pre-treated with CsA, or FK506, for various time periods, followed by stimulation with TNF-alpha, LPS or IL-1beta. The I(kappa)B(alpha) expressions were assayed by Western blot analyses. The IKK activity was evaluated by an in vitro immune complex kinase assay, using GST-I(kappa)B(alpha) as the substrate. RESULTS: Neither CsA nor FK506 affected the level of I(kappa)B(alpha) expression in any of the cell types used in this study. CsA pre-treatment inhibited the TNFalpha-induced I(kappa)B(alpha) degradation in bronchial epithelial cells. In contrast, the TNFalpha-induced I(kappa)B(alpha) degradation was not affected by FK506 pre-treatment. However, FK506 suppressed the cytokine-induced I(kappa)B(alpha) degradation in the pulmonary alveolar macrophages, peripheral blood monocytes and lymphocytes. The inhibitory effect of CsA, or FK506, on I(kappa)B(alpha) degradation was not related to IKK. CONCLUSIONS: CsA and FK506 suppressed the I(kappa)B(alpha) degradation in bronchial epithelial cells, mono. cytes, lymphocytes and alveolar macrophages, so this may not be mediated through IKK.
Key Words: cyclosporin, FK506, NF-kappaB, I(kappa)B(alpha)
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