Tuberc Respir Dis > Volume 48(4); 2000 > Article
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases 2000;48(4):448-463.
DOI:    Published online April 1, 2000.
Role of Invasive Procedures in the Diagnosis and Management of Pulmonary Infiltrates in Patients with Leukemia.
Chang Ho Kim, Tae Hoon Jung, Jae Yong Park, Tae Kyong Kang, Seung Lck Cha, Sang Chul Chae
1Division of Pulmonary, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
2Division of Critical Care Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Division of Hematology/Oncology, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
4Department of Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung General Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Pulmonary infiltrate is a frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with leukemia. It is often hard to obtain a reliable diagnosis by clinical and radiologic findings alone. The aim of this study was to evaluate diagnostic and therapeutic benefits of invasive procedures as for for new lung infiltrates in leukemia. METHODS: Patients with leukemia who developed new lung infiltrates from December 1994 to March 1999 were included in this study. These patients were classified into the empirical group who received empirical therapy only and into the invasive group who underwent bronchoscopy or surgical lung biopsy for the diagnostic purpose of new lung infiltrates. Retrospective A retroactive chart review was done to search for find the etiologies of new lung infiltrates, the yield of invasive procedures, outcome as well as predicting factors for survival of patients. RESULTS: 1) One hundred-two episodes of new lung infiltrates developed in 90 patients with leukemia. Invasive procedure was performed in 44 episodes while 58 episodes were treated with empirical therapy only. 2) Invasive procedures yielded a specific diagnosis in 72.7%(32/44)(,) of which 78.1% had infectious etiology. Therapeutic plan was changed in 52.3%(23/44) of patients after invasive procedures. None of them showed procedure-related mortality. 3) Overall The overall survival rate was 62.7%(64/102). Survival rate in the invasive group(79.5%) was significantly better than that in the empirical group (50.0%) (p=0.002). 4) On multivariate analysis, Upon multivariate analysis, the performance of invasive procedures, no need for mechanical ventilation and achievement of complete remission of leukemia after induction chemotherapy were the independent factors predicting predicting factors for survival in patients with leukemia and new lung infiltrates. CONCLUSION: Bronchoscopy and surgical lung biopsy are useful in the diagnosis of new lung infiltrates in patients with leukemia. However, survival benefits of invasive procedures should be considered together with disease status of leukemia and severity of respiratory compromise.
Key Words: leukemia, pulmonary infiltrate, bronchoscopy, surgical lung biopsy

Article category

Browse all articles >


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101-605, 58, Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu (Seocho-dong, Seocho Art-Xi), Seoul 06652, Korea
Tel: +82-2-575-3825, +82-2-576-5347    Fax: +82-2-572-6683    E-mail:                

Copyright © 2023 by The Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. All rights reserved.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next