Tuberc Respir Dis > Epub ahead of print
DOI:    [Epub ahead of print]
Published online March 18, 2024.
Association between the Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Lung Function: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Jinwoo Seok, M.D.  , Hee-Young Yoon, M.D., Ph.D. 
Division of Pulmonology and Allergy, Department of Internal Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea
Correspondence:  Hee-Young Yoon, Tel: 82-2-709-7153, Fax: 82-2-709-9083, 
Received: 15 November 2023   • Revised: 16 February 2024   • Accepted: 17 March 2024
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep disorder associated with various health issues. Although some studies have suggested an association between reduced lung function and OSA, this association remains unclear. Our study aimed to explore this relationship using data from a nationally representative population- based survey.
We performed an analysis of data from the 2019 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Our study encompassed 3,675 participants aged 40 years and older. Risk of OSA was assessed using the STOP-Bang (Snoring, Tiredness during daytime, Observed apnea, and high blood Pressure-Body mass index, Age, Neck circumference, Gender) questionnaire and lung function tests were performed using a portable spirometer. Logistic regression analysis was applied to identify the risk factors associated with a high-risk of OSA, defined as a STOP-Bang score of ≥3.
Of 3,675 participants, 600 (16.3%) were classified into high-risk OSA group. Participants in the high-risk OSA group were older, had a higher body mass index, and a higher proportion of males and ever-smokers. They also reported lower lung function and quality of life index in various domains along with increased respiratory symptoms. Univariate logistic regression analysis indicated a significant association between impaired lung function and a high-risk of OSA. However, in the multivariable analysis, only chronic cough (odds ratio [OR], 2.413; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.383 to 4.213) and sputum production (OR, 1.868; 95% CI, 1.166 to 2.992) remained significantly associated with a high OSA risk.
Our study suggested that, rather than baseline lung function, chronic cough, and sputum production are more significantly associated with OSA risk.
Key Words: Sleep Apnea, Obstructive, Lung Function Tests, Respiratory Symptoms, Risk Factors, Health Surveys

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